Superhero Socialism: The History of Anarky

This article is cross-posted at The Batman Universe.

Anarky Header

One of Batman’s secondary but widely-studied and highly-controversial rogues is back in the pages of Detective Comics. The enigmatic Anarky made a surprise return in the final page of Detective Comics #957 and we saw the character team with Spoiler in the recent Detective Comics #963-964 by James Tynion IV and Carmen Carnero. Despite being not nearly as big as Joker, Riddler, or Two-Face and having made way less appearances, there is a reason Anarky’s Wikipedia page just as long and sprawling. Created by Alan Grant and Norm Breyfogle in 1989, Anarky was a concept for a new era of comics and a character that has had (and continues to have) deep social impact far beyond the page. Let’s take a look at the complex history of Anarky.

Anarky Detective Comics 609

In 1989’s “Anarky in Gotham City” (Detective Comics #608-609), Grant and Breyfogle (with inks by Steve Mitchell and colors by Adrienne Roy) brought us a radical anti-hero ripe for the emerging new decade: the one and only Anarky, a politically-charged social justice warrior named Lonnie Machin, who enters the Gotham scene clad in a robe of scarlet, rocking the “circle A” symbol with a gold mask and eerily lanky body. When Batman finally meets the new villain face-to-face, he punches Anarky in the gut and it nearly kills him. Why? Because Anarky is only twelve-years-old! But don’t let his age deceive you. Grant created Anarky to be the voice of a voiceless generation—a child genius that holds radical anarchist philosophy (albeit teetering on the edge of libertarian socialism). Through this character, Grant hoped to address things in mainstream superhero comics not often touched upon—topics including anti-fascism, anti-militarism, anti-racism, systemic police corruption, social inequity, and the disparity of wealth in America. Anarky’s goal, upon the character’s debut, was the creation of a true welfare state (or city) and the total regulation/elimination of capitalist economy. In fact, many Anarky stories often amazingly make reference to anarchist philosophers and theorists—ranging from Proudhon and Bakunin to Max Nomad and James Joll. Lonnie even keeps a copy of V for Vendetta in his room!

Anarky Detective Comics 620

Anarky’s follow-up story was 1990’s “Rite of Passage” (Detective Comics #618-621), again by Grant and Breyfogle. In “Rite of Passage,” Tim Drake (not yet Robin) proudly foils an Anarky scheme that involves the teenage antifa trying his hand at anti-corporate computer fraud (as the hacker “Moneyspider”). The Moneyspider alias will be important down the road, but Anarky’s plot-line here is mostly overshadowed by Tim’s parents being kidnapped by The Obeah Man. Tim’s father is paralyzed while his mother is killed. Despite the Drake Family tragedy looming large, this arc is still notable for firmly setting specificity to the tone of Anarky’s politics as he preaches to his fellow prisoners in juvenile hall. It also cements him as a champion of the poor, something introduced in the previous arc. Through Grant’s words (via Anarky’s monologues), mainstream superhero comics were finally on the verge of having a hero (or anti-hero) that shared the values of the underprivileged, disenfranchised, and marginalized. Richie rich Bruce Wayne might fight for these folks, but he’s never been one of them or truly shared their values. The very definition of Batman is plutocrat. In the Zack Snyder/Joss Whedon Justice League film, Bat-Affleck even responds to the question of “What is your superpower?” with a shit-eating grin, “I’m rich!” One could say that Batman’s plutocracy is a cog in the wheel of oligarchy, and Anarky is at the opposite spectrum. It’s hard to say for certain if there is a direct connection to the rise of Anarky, but similar leftist heroes would emerge in 1990’s DC via Dwayne McDuffie’s superb Afro-futurist Milestone line, which features working class Heroes of Color.

Interestingly, in the early 90s, since no one had filled the Boy Wonder void left behind by the death of Jason Todd, Grant and Breyfogle wanted Anarky to be the third Robin, petitioning the idea to DC higher-ups! Of course, that never happened as Marv Wolfman had already been given the duty of ushering in a new Robin and we got Tim Drake instead. Just imagine what could have been, though.

Anarky Robin Annual 1

Anarky returned for the 1992 DC Annual crossover arc “Eclipso: The Darkness Within”—specifically in Robin Annual #1. This issue, by Grant, John Wagner, Tom Lyle, and Scott Hanna, was a precursor for the future of Anarky, as he acts more like a hero than a villain, teaming with a rival closer to his own age: Tim Drake (now officially Robin). In this arc, Anarky escapes juvenile hall, demands that the mayor institute sweeping social change, and then uses mystical Eclipso diamonds on himself to become a super-powered being. When the diamonds turn a young girl into a vicious Eclipso Tyrannosaurus Rex, Robin and Anarky team-up to defeat her.

Anarky Shadow of the Bat 41 Batman

Entering the mid 90s, Anarky’s next appearance was in the classic “Knightfall” arc, in which he quite memorably interacts with both Scarecrow and crazy new Batman, Jean-Paul Valley. In 1995’s The Batman Chronicles #1, Grant once again used his character to espouse leftist political ideas as Lonnie gives a scholarly lesson in anarchy to his fellow juvie hall mates. That same year Grant penned “Anarky” (Batman: Shadow of the Bat #40-41), which again further pushed Anarky into the status of possible hero. In this arc, Anarky teams-up with Batman, Robin, and private eye Joe Potato to stop the mad bomber Malochia. He earns the respect of the heroes by selflessly crashing Malochia’s “Dirigible of Doom” into Gotham Harbor, at great risk to his own life. In fact, the heroes and Lonnie’s family think that he has perished and even mourn his passing. The “Anarky” arc brilliantly highlighted the greatness of Anarky and showed what limitless potential the character had in those days. Grant even got to do an Anarky issue for The Batman Adventures series in 1995 as well.

Anarky Vol 1 3 Batman

With popularity spiking, DC gave the green light for a coveted solo mini-series. Grant and Breyfogle once again joined forces to deliver “Metamorphosis” via four issues of Anarky in 1997. Sadly, Anarky’s unique status as a legit leftist social justice vigilante (a superhero socialist, if you will) drastically changed via this series. Lonnie’s belief system altered as Grant’s own personal beliefs changed from leftist radicalism (in the vein of socialism or anarchism) to Ayn Rand-influenced neo-tech (in the vein of objectivist libertarianism). In “Metamorphosis,” Anarky invents a device that will “de-brainwash” every human on Earth of all individual social constraints, hoping to eliminate religious fundamentalism, mass mediated-culture, and right wing hegemony. This may seem like Anarky’s prior modus operandi, but the big difference is now that he wants to uphold the capitalist free-market system in America. Justice is still paramount to his mission, but there is now leeway for individual and corporate greed/oppression. In order to power his machine, Anarky collects the essences of Etrigan’s madness, Darkseid’s evil, and Batman’s purity. However, Batman damages the machine and it affects only Anarky. Thus, Anarky’s metamorphosis (i.e. belief shift from socialist-anarchism to Randian objectivist anarcho-capitalism) is complete.

Anarky Green Lantern ring Anarky Vol 2

In 1999, Grant and Breyfogle delivered the second volume of Anarky, eight issues that see Batman kicking Anarky out of Gotham (following the destruction of the city in “Cataclysm”). Lonnie moves to Washington DC where he builds his own “Anarky Cave” underneath the Washington Monument, becomes an expert in superstring theory, gets a Green Lantern ring, starts blogging, thwarts Ra’s al Ghul, and delivers a strong anti-war message to the zombie-resurrected Founding Fathers of America. However, with sales lagging, DC gave Anarky Vol. 2 the axe. Hoping to go out with a bang, Grant and Breyfogle once again tried to permanently elevate their beloved character to the pinnacle of DC’s mythos, heavily insinuating that Joker was Anarky’s biological father in the final issue (Anarky Vol. 2 #8). But just as Grant and Breyfogle had once unsuccessfully lobbied to make Lonnie the third Robin, their idea to paternally link Joker with Lonnie was never going to fly either. Grant and Breyfogle desperately wanted this to be canon, but higher-ups and classic writers (notably Denny O’Neil) were dead-set against it. Thus, the follow-up confirmation (true or false) never happened, effectively cutting-off the Joker-related momentum at its knees. I guess we’ll never truly know if Joker was Lonnie’s dad in the Modern Age. Grant would leave DC shortly thereafter, placing Anarky in dreaded character Limbo for nearly ten years (aside from three relatively unmemorable cameo appearances).

Anarky Ulysses Hadrian Armstrong Robin 182

In 2009, Fabian Nicieza, a fan of the character, decided to bring Anarky out of Limbo and into the pages of Robin. Starting with Robin #181-182, Lonnie reappears but is immediately shot and paralyzed by Ulysses Hadrian Armstrong, who winds up becoming the brand new Anarky, a fully-fledged super-villain. The villainous Armstrong version of Anarky makes various appearances in Robin and Red Robin. As does Lonnie, who, in 2011’s Red Robin #17, is hired by Red Robin (Tim Drake) to be his very own version of Oracle using his old “Moneyspider” gimmick! In this sense, Nicieza was able to return Lonnie to his social justice warrior roots, albeit without a heavy political agenda. (The lack of politics attached to Lonnie and the attribution of the Anarky moniker to a super-villain like Armstrong were very much to the chagrin of Grant and some right wing journalists, who wanted the concept of Anarky to forever remain a face of the Randian libertarian politics in comics.) The handicapped Lonnie acts as a hero right up to the final issue of the Red Robin series, which ended due to the New 52 reboot.

Red Robin Moneyspider Lonnie Machin Anarky

The true anarcho-socialist or anarchist superhero is a rarity—then and now. Green Arrow might mention Marxism every once in awhile, but aside from Alan Moore’s V (who was a direct influence on the creation of Anarky), Grant Morrison’s secret society in The Invisibles, Jamie Hewlett’s Tank Girl, Legionnaire Gates, and Dwayne McDuffie’s aforementioned Milestone line characters, most comic book characters that ostensibly lean radically left actually don’t. Plus, more often than not, they’ve been portrayed one-dimensionally and are usually super-villains to boot. DC’s relatively new Nightwing rival, Raptor, is a legit anarchist, but he’s already heading into straight-up super-villain territory. When thinking of ostensibly leftist characters that are actually quite politically hollow, a slew of Red Scare communist villains from the 50s through the 90s come to mind. As do Marvel’s Flag-Smasher, DC’s Kestrel, and Marvel’s radical feminists like Man-Killer and Superia. Others, like Marvel’s Rafe Michel and Daily Bugle reporter Leila Taylor, qualify as legit leftist radicals that were portrayed with more depth back in the 70s, but, again, they weren’t superheroes. Various characters featured in the works of Mark Millar (specifically Civil War, Jupiter’s Legacy, Jupiter’s Circle, and Huck) and Frank Miller (specifically The Dark Knight Returns and Martha Washington) might appear to be anti-capitalist anti-state heroes at surface-level, but they always turn out to be less than heroic, illegitimate, or failures when it comes to political conviction or social activism. Randian libertarianism is, in fact, imbued in a lot of both Millar and Miller’s oeuvre, including all their works listed here. The same can absolutely be said of Green Arrow, the skeevy original Charlton Comics version of The Question, and his extremely vile Watchmen counterpart Rorschach. Overall, nothing mentioned above (besides V for Vendetta, The Invisibles, Tank Girl, or Milestone) hits the hammer on the head or manages to fit the pure leftist bill quite like 90s Anarky. As far as anarchist heroes (or anti-heroes), Anarky is one of the best examples and one of the very few we’ve ever seen in mainstream comics to this day.

A quick interlude regarding the Charlton Question, who was created by Steve Ditko, a strict Rand-ian Objectivist. (Rumor has it that Ditko left Marvel due to fighting about politics with Stan Lee.) Ditko expressly wrote the Question to have his Objectivist political beliefs—even basing him off of his earlier nastier character “Mister A.” Only much later (at DC Comics) did Denny O’Neil alter the Question’s politics and spirit, even going so far as to make the Question a Zen Buddhist. Later Question writers like Greg Rucka “fixed” the Question’s tarnished image even more.

No history of socialism in comic books would be complete without mentioning the origin of the Man of Steel himself. Superman was created in 1938 by Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster to be a socialist-type hero. As Grant Morrison—who wrote a throwback quasi-socialist version of Superman during DC’s New 52 venture—said in a 2011 New Statesman interview: “At the beginning, Superman was very much a socialist superhero. He fought for the unemployed, the oppressed, he beat up wife-beaters. It’s about a man driven by a burning sense of injustice — there are no monsters or robots, he fights against corrupt council officials! He was conceived as a Depression-era superhero, who dealt with the problems of ordinary people.” Of course, this version of Superman would quickly change gears as soon as WWII started; and, after that, his true socialist roots would always remain a distant memory.

It will be interesting to see where Tynion takes Anarky, especially since he penned a brilliant social-activist monologue—almost a call to all superheroes (and those writing superheroes)—in 2016’s Detective Comics #946. The dialogue, spoken by Tim Drake, is an uplifting speech about how the Bat-squad should bring new hope to Gotham, making it the safest city in the world. He talks about the very definition of what it means to be a superhero, about how superheroes must earn the public trust through collaboration and rehabilitation, rather than the usual fear-instilling and coercion. This is one of the best monologues I’ve heard in a long time in any comic book—it cuts to the core of what a superhero is supposed to be. And it also has shades of old-school Anarky mentality in it. Batman could take a few pointers, let me tell ya.

New Detective Comics cover Anarky Spoiler

The first part of DC’s long and complex experiment in overtly politicizing superhero comics via a foil for Batman lasted from 1989 to 2011 (with a few hiatuses here and there), but it didn’t simply end when the Modern Age of comics gave way to the New 52. Let’s take a gander at Anarky’s influence on comics in the past six years.

In 2013, Anarky saw his first action outside of a comic book, appearing as the primary antagonist in the animated TV show Beware the Batman. This version of the character contained some similarities to the original Anarky, but was rendered more as a Professor Moriarty-esque villain than any sort of anti-hero. Also in 2013, Anarky made his video game debut in Batman: Arkham Origins. This version of the character was more in tune with the anti-corporate anarchist roots that Anarky had in the early 90s. In 2015, Anarky made his live action TV debut in Arrow, played by Alexander Calvert, once again as a more pure super-villain stereotype.

Jensen's Anarky Green Lanter Corps 25 Zero Year

With Anarky popping up in different media around 2013, it was only a matter of time before he sprung back into the pages of the New 52. With DC having been fully rebooted and Batman getting a brand new origin story (“Zero Year”) courtesy of Scott Snyder, there was a blank slate for Anarky. In 2014, writer Van Jensen (along with a rather large creative team of Robert Venditti, Victor Drujiniu, Ivan Fernandez, Allan Jefferson, Juan Castro, Rob Lean, and Garry Henderson) delivered a brand new version of Anarky in Green Lantern Corps Vol. 3 #25. In the issue, set during Batman’s first year in costume, a super-storm heads towards Gotham, which has been blacked-out by Riddler. A team of marines, including Sergeant John Stewart (future Green Lantern), helps evacuate an arena full of Gothamites. There, the soldiers discover an anarchist group—led by Anarky—has reclaimed “people’s ownership” of the arena, despite a portion of the people having been forced to go along with his plan. While Stewart despises Anarky’s methods, he sees that Anarky means well and winds up siding with him against his own army brethren, who attempt to quell the situation with unnecessary lethal force. Stewart stops his crazed lieutenant and frees the hostages without causing any deaths. Meanwhile, Anarky escapes clean. Afterward, Stewart punches-out his lieutenant, effectively ending his military career.

While the new Anarky seemed to reflect what made him so popular in the early 90s, a big change in the character was making him black. Jensen said he wanted to do “a fresh take that honors [Anarky’s] legacy.” An African-American Anarky seemed to do just this, giving a minority voice to the ultimate social justice warrior, especially in a situation that closely resembled the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans. Not only that, but juxtapositioning him with John Stewart, one of the most recognizable black DC heroes, and then having Stewart give a wink and a nod to Anarky, was a big boon to the character. Jensen and company even interspersed Green Lantern Corps Vol. 3 #25 with a flashback to Stewart’s childhood in Detroit, showing corrupt racist police reaction to left wing labor unionists. All of this was done to give sympathy to and legitimize Anarky’s political point of view. Unfortunately, Jensen’s Anarky was a big tease. Despite being well-received, this version of Anarky would not be seen again, making this a one-off one-shot appearance, much to the chagrin of fans, who were generally excited about this take. (I should note that Jensen is not a black writer, which does unfortunately complicate the message here. All black characters need not be written by people of color, but an actual black voice—in the relative sea of whiteness that is the mainstream comic industry—would have added credence, legitimacy, and power to this Anarky. Thankfully, despite this, Jensen seems to have penned a pretty decent version of Anarky—one that cuts to the core of what he is supposed to represent, and one that addresses the issues of marginalized and ostracized minorities with a progressively open mind.)

Detective Comics Anarky Bullock

In 2014, Francis Manapul and Brian Buccellato—via their “Icarus” arc (Detective Comics Vol. 2 #30-34) and follow-up “Anarky” arc (Detective Comics Vol. 2 #37-40)—would do their own take on the character. In “Icarus,” Bruce meets with Elena Aguila, who wants his help in reconstructing the slummy East End Waterfront property purely as a positive social act despite the fact that it would be a financial disaster for Wayne Enterprises. Bruce meets with Elena at her daughter Annie’s pro motocross event. There, Elena appeals to Bruce’s philanthropic side and he agrees to work with her “Healthy Families Initiative”—to put social interest ahead of corporate interest. In doing so, Bruce shuns corrupt Congressman Sam Young who had proposed a less socially progressive, more corporate-friendly reconstruction plan. This all leads to Elena’s death and Batman attempting to get the bizarre drug known as Icarus off the streets, a case that culminates in the complete destruction of the East End Waterfront. With plans so save the waterfront ruined, Annie angrily storms off. In the wreckage of the East End, Bullock and his partner Nancy Yip go to retrieve the remaining crate of the Icarus drug, but in its place is a spray-painted anarchy symbol. Anarky is back in Gotham!

Detective Comics New 52 Anarky Sam Young

By 2015, Manapul and Buccellato had successfully built an intriguing mystery. Who was Anarky? Could the new Anarky be socially progressive and kick-ass motocross-riding Annie Aguila? Or could it be Jensen’s awesome African-American anti-hero? (Sorry, I already spoiled that it wasn’t him.) Manapul and Buccellato continued their story with the Detective Comics arc entitled “Anarky,” adding another perfect candidate: Lonnie Machin! Thanks to references in Detective Comics Vol. 2 #38, we were given some New 52 backstory: Years ago, a tech genius calling himself Moneyspider hacked into Wayne Enterprises’ airtight computer system. Batman tracked Moneyspider and exposed him as pre-teen prodigy Lonnie Machin. Feeling sorry for both Lonnie and his down-and-out mom, Bruce decided not to press charges. Batman had been watching over Lonnie ever since. The idea that Lonnie could be returning as a rebooted Anarky in 2015 was quite exciting.

Lonnie Machin New 52

In the “Anarky” arc, the unknown Anarky executes corrupt business exec Jeb Lester. Meanwhile, Batman apprehends an escaped Mad Hatter and discovers that Jervis Tetch had been secretly killing kids even before his debut as Mad Hatter. Bullock (who has been tracking Anarky for months), Yip, and Batman investigate the scene of Lester’s murder, when, all of a sudden, the building’s computer systems lock-down and a bomb goes off, scorching a giant anarchy symbol into the façade of the structure. On Christmas morning, Anarky announces that he has erased the digital footprint of everyone in Gotham, making it so all police records, bank records, and credit debt are completely erased. Anarky declares that social revolution has begun. The next morning, Sam Young pledges support to Anarky, claiming there is method in his madness, especially compared to the right wing Mayor Hady. Batman interrogates Lonnie, citing that only he could have accessed control of Wayne Tower. Machin admits to the hack job, but says he gave the info to Lester, not Anarky. Later, during a robbery incited by Anarky’s words, innocent bystander Lonnie gets shot and is rushed to the hospital. Batman and Bullock find a link between Tetch and Young, which brings them to an abandoned boarding house. There, the heroes realize that those emboldened by Anarky have been influenced by Mad Hatter mind-control tech as well. They also learn that Tetch was a groundskeeper that terrorized and killed the kids at the boarding house, including a young Anarky. Anarky tries to kill Mad Hatter, but Batman stops him and punches his mask off…

Detective Comics Anarky Sam Young vs Batman

New 52 Anarky Sam Young Reveal

And with so many good directions to choose from, it is at this point that Manapul takes the pro wrestling route, delivering a twist just to swerve the audience. (Although, to be fair, this was the direction they had planned from the beginning.) Anarky was the jerk that upheld corporate values at the expense of the poor, a dude in the pocket of both Big Business and gangsters: Sam Young. Acting as a copycat of Jensen’s Anarky from “Zero Year” and using the famous Gotham anti-hero’s moniker for his own twisted purposes, Young was our new Anarky. The story continues with Batman and Bullock saving the day and busting Anarky. Thankfully, Lonnie makes a full recovery. In regard to politics, Manapul’s Anarky talked the talk, but he didn’t walk the walk, instead opting to using anarcho-socialist activism and rhetoric to mask ulterior criminal motives—albeit a somewhat sympathetic justice-oriented personal revenge scheme.

New 52 Earth-2 Anarky

In 2015, the New 52 also gave us our first female Anarky, the alternate Anarky of Earth-2, a super-villain seen in five issues of Earth-2: Society. Similarly to Manapul’s Anarky, this version also espouses anti-authoritarian politics and rhetoric, but only to mask criminal activity that has nothing to do with social justice. For example, Earth-2’s Anarky—created by Daniel H. Wilson and Jorge Jimenez—blows up a building to access a spacecraft engine, then instigates a protest riot to cover her tracks. This also turns out to be part of a dastardly scheme by the villain Doctor Impossible.

New Detective Comics cover Anarky Spoiler

And that brings us up to speed. Detective Comics #957 and Detective Comics #963-964, part of DC’s Rebirth reboot, saw Anarky return once more, this time to lend a hand to Spoiler, who is estranged from the Bat-Family. An wouldn’t you know, Tynion and Carnero have returned Lonnie Machin behind the mask! In issues #963-964 we catch a glimpse at the good work Anarky is doing. He’s set up an underground anarcho-syndicalist farming commune—nicknamed “Utopia”—for Gotham’s poor and destitute. The commune has a tent city, solar lighting, and greenhouses. After all, as Twitter user @SemperLiber9 says, “Anarchism is a mix of community gardening and punching Nazis.” Notably, pure heroic characters Harper Row and Leslie Thompkins are a part of this movement. Spoiler herself is so moved, she not only joins the movement, but becomes romantically involved with Anarky…for a brief moment. Batman exposes a dark criminal connection between Anarky and a super-villain called The First Victim, giving the Dark Knight all the reason he needs to throw Lonnie behind bars. Anarky is relegated to quasi-villain status yet agin, although his good work lives on in the form of the commune. At the end of ‘tec #964, Anarky—using his Moneyspider skills—hatches a plot that should see him out of Arkham in the near future.

Based upon Tynion’s work on Detective Comics and already what we’ve seen in Detective Comics #963-964, the new version of Anarky should be in more than capable hands, should he visit the DCU again. Despite Anarky’s clash with Batman and immediate jailing, a return to Lonnie (and his urban farming commune) implies a return to the character’s roots. And there’s no better time for Anarky in superhero comics than right now. Anarky can be the symbol he was meant to be at his inception—a force for good, social equity, real justice, and justice for all. Comic book universes are fantastical and far-fetched, but they are meant to reflect the world in which we live. And in 2017 America, where the President won’t effectively denounce Nazis and the KKK, choosing to instead pander to them as a constituency, Anarky is the hero we need. In 2017 America, where the alt-right and white supremacists are emboldened in ways they haven’t been in a long time, Anarky is the hero we need. In 2017 America, where systemic racism plagues our law enforcement agencies and the prison industrial complex is tantamount to slavery, Anarky is the hero we need.

Tim Drake Monologue Detective Comics 946

Through the lens of a modern Anarky—treated as a sophisticated social justice revolutionary that upholds the values of Emma Goldman, Malcolm X, and Martin Luther King while picking up the pieces of the shattered Occupy movement and bearing the banner of Black Lives Matter or Antifa—Tynion has a great opportunity to re-introduce an antihero that is a stalwart and uncompromising defender against fascism, unchecked militarism, sexism, racism, homophobia, systemic police corruption, economic corporate despotism, and class oppression. If Tynion’s reboot of Anarky acts as this defender while fighting for the basic public provision of education, health care, and housing and while also incorporating the concept detailed in the Tim Drake monologue from Detective Comics #946—the idea that superheroes should earn the public trust through collaboration and rehabilitation—Anarky has the potential to be one of the most culturally relevant characters of the 21st century. As Alan Grant and Norm Breyfogle once showed decades ago, Anarky is the perfect tool to address these types of ideas in comics. And now is the perfect time for them to be addressed.

Rafael Albuquerque Batman Cover Anarky

About Collin Colsher

Collin Colsher, the creator of The Real Batman Chronology Project and disCONTINUITY, is a writer, filmmaker, teacher, and comic book historian that currently lives and works in Brooklyn, NY. He has lectured at various universities, libraries, and book fairs. Collin has also served on the jury for the Lynd Ward Graphic Novel Prize, which is sponsored by the US Library of Congress.
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2 Responses to Superhero Socialism: The History of Anarky

  1. Rhett Khan says:

    I like Lonnie Machin’s return as Anarky, but I feel more and more like Tim Drake is the hero we need.

    • Hey Rhett! The way Tim Drake has evolved over the years, and in Tynion’s hands, Tim Drake is DEFINITELY the hero we need. He could teach Anarky a thing or two, the way things are shaping up in comicbookland.

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